The Obverse depicts the Capitol dome, along with the dual dates 1789 and 1989. The Silver dollar features the Statue of Freedom that towers atop the Capitol dome. On the half dollar is a detailed bust of the Statue of Freedom.
The Reverse depicts a majestic eagle in the old Senate chamber. Shown on the Silver dollar is the Mace of the House of Representatives, which resides in the House Chamber whenever the House is in session and the half dollar features a full view of the Capitol Building accented by a wreath of stars.